The Cagayan Valley is the largest region in the Philippines with regards to the land area. It is composed of five provinces: Batanes, Cagayan, Isabela, Nueva Vizcaya, and Quirino. Most of the region lies in a large valley in northeastern Luzon, between the Cordilleras and the Sierra Madre mountain ranges. The Cagayan River, the country’s longest, runs through its center and flows out to Luzon Strait in the north, in the town of Aparri, Cagayan. The Babuyan and Batanes island groups that lie in the Luzon Strait belong to the region. Cagayan Valley is an administrative region in the Philippines located in the northeastern portion of Luzon. Cagayan Valley (Lambak ng Cagayan in Filipino) is a region of the Philippines, designated as region II. It is composed of five provinces and their capital cities namely: Batanes, the capital of Batanes is Basco, Cagayan the capital is tuguegarao, Isabela capital is Ilagan, Nueva Vizcaya capital city is Bayombong, and Quirino the capital city is Cabarroguis. It has four cities: industrial center-Cauayan city, its regional center-Taguegarao, its investment hub – city of Iligan and its premier City –Santiago city. Most of the region lies in a large valley in northeastern Luzon, between the Cordellirasand the Sierra Madre mountain ranges. Cagayan River, the country’s longest river runs through its center and flows out to Luzon Strait in the north, in the town of Aparri, Cagayan. The Babuyan and Batanes island groups that lie in the Luzon strait also belong to the region.
Cagayan Valley has a distinct history. Long before the coming of the Spaniards into the valley, fishing villages existed on the banks and at the mouths of the rivers and creeks flowing into the sea. The Spaniards found natives inhabiting the narrow coastal plains in Northern Luzon and flood plains of the Cagayan River – the Ibanags. Cagayan Valley is the second largest region of the Philippines in terms of land area. Over the years, it has been identified as a major supplier of agricultural products and source of irrigation and electric power requirements of regions adjacent to it. Cagayan Valley (Region 02), the Philippines “Last Frontier”, abounds with natural resources and exudes with development potentials that consist of rich agricultural areas, forestlands and grasslands, inland and marine resources.